Many people love gardening. But gardening doesn’t mean that you have to plant trees, shrubs, and herbs in an open area only. You can create an indoor garden by installing lamps for the required temperature and light. The following article goes through different indoor plant growing lights and the best lamps for the indoor gardeners. Let’s check out the various things required for building an indoor garden.
Types of Indoor Lights for Plants
There are different types of indoor lights for growing plants in an indoor garden.
These lights are also known as T12, which help in growing various house plants and seeds. It helps by providing natural light like the sun. It fulfills the basic requirements of plants and helps them to grow like other natural plants. The intensity of the light is quite weak, but it is necessary to place your plants at a distance of a few inches to get more effective results.
The diameter of T12s is comparatively narrower than other lightbulbs. You can search for full-spectrum grow bulbs that perfectly fit into your available socket and give the right amount of light to your flowering plants.
Compact Fluorescent Bulbs (CFLs)
These bulbs work best in small spaces, or if you have a fewer number of plants in a compact place. Compact Fluorescent Lights do not use the T5 system and are not much more expensive than incandescent lights.
These bulbs are available in different wattages. Make sure that you choose one that is perfect for your plants and space. If you have carnivorous plants as well as Phalaenopsis orchids, those plants will grow well in these lights.
LED Grow Lights
The LED indoor plant grow lights are comparatively more expensive than fluorescent or compact fluorescent bulbs. But, the consumption of electricity is less and comes with a long lifespan. Regular LEDs are not meant for growing plants because plants require different levels of lighting from different LEDs.
This technology is currently massive in demand among various horticultural suppliers. If we compare LED bulbs with fluorescent bulbs, LEDs are full-spectrum and have a higher intensity. These lights work, even if you have a large number of plants. They do produce some amount of heat. Therefore, it is recommended not to use these lights in a compact space.
HID bulbs were preferred before LEDs came into existence for growing plants in an ample indoor space. The primary reason to switch from HID to LED is that these lights are quite powerful and expensive. It consumes more electricity and also needs unique light fixtures. The lights also emit a considerable amount of heat. But despite so many drawbacks, HID lighting is beneficial and still used in many places. The light penetrates deeply into the plant foliage and provides enough light for growth.
If you want to plant lemon bushes or tomatoes on a large scale, then you might prefer these lights. HID is classified into two categories. High-pressure sodium (HPS) light bulbs are low in the spectrum and best for flowering plants. On the other hand, Metal Halide (MH) light bulbs are high in the spectrum and help in vegetative growth.
These lights are best for growing houseplants that require less light. Plants like vines, dracaenas, or ferns can be grown under these lights. There is no need for high-intensity light for growing plants. There is a 10% light and 90% heat ratio in these lights.
Halide bulbs are used to grow large plants in larger spaces. It covers a lot of distance in terms of light. There is no need to get a 1000 W bulb if you have halide lights. It is essential to provide dark hours to your trees. Make sure that you keep your plants under light for 12 to 18 hours every day.
What Things are Required to Install Lamps for Indoor Gardening?
Nowadays, indoor gardening is trending across the globe. It can be an easy job if you know what tools you require and how to install a few things for better plant growth. Your requirements for installing lamps may depend on the size of your garden, types of plants, and type of bulb required as a lighting source. Let us review a few things to figure out what you need.
Calculate Number of Bulbs Required
All fruit and vegetable plants need only 30 watts of light per square foot. If you have fruiting plants like tomatoes, you must remember that it can produce high-quality fruits only when you provide at least 40 to 50 watts of light per square foot. You need to determine the wattage because every plant, herb, or shrub requires different lighting. It is easy to calculate the wattage by multiplying the watts’ number with the square foot of the growing area. After that, divide it by the number of watts of a bulb that you are planning to use.
Get a Light Rack
It is necessary to install the bulbs at a certain height from your plants. Get a sturdy light rack with adjustable height. You can change the height of the rack whenever required according to the plant growth. You can also hang the light fixtures with the help of a metal chain. It makes it easy for you to adjust the height of the bulbs by managing the light fixtures. Some LEDs are also installed over the rack to provide constant light to the plants.
Install Other Necessary Things
It is essential to set the timer of your lights. Indeed, these lights grow plants slowly as compared to the sunlight. Therefore, it requires 12 to 18 hours of direct light. But excess light can damage or burn them. You can set a timer to provide light for limited hours.
Make sure that the temperature of the indoor garden is exact and perfect for growing saplings. If the temperature goes up by 80 degrees, then you must have a good ventilation system to avoid excess heat. You can use reflectors and other accessories to get amazing results.
The plants must be placed at the appropriate distance without any damage. As we know, there are different types of lights available in the market for growing indoor saplings. Every bulb must be installed at a different distance.
For example, Fluorescent lights must be 3 to 12 inches away from plants. On the other hand, LEDs must be 12 to 24 inches, and HID light must be 24 to 60 inches. If you keep your lights at some distance, then you can prevent severe damage to your plants.
Top 5 Lamps for the Indoor Gardener
Feit GLP24FS 19W Dual LED Tube Light
This is a fantastic LED tube light by Feit, which grows more plants using less power. The manufacturer created this light to replace the old greenhouse lighting. It uses less electricity than the traditional ones and is quite colder than HPS lamps to prevent leaf burn. You can install this tube light in horticulture, greenhouse, aquaponics, hydroponic planting, and indoor gardening.
This light generates blue spectrum wavelength light, required for an appropriate photosynthesis process. The size of the LED tube light is 24 inches, which is very energy-efficient. It produces a blue spectrum of 450Nm and a red spectrum of 655 NM lights, more effectively than regular white light.
If you are growing tall leafy plants, blue light is necessary, whereas red light promotes the growth of flowering, budding, and fruiting plants. The light is easy to install because it is very lightweight and made up of durable polycarbonate housing along with a 5 feet cord. The housing socket can be connected to eight fixtures.
The heat emission is very low and it does not damage or burn the leaves. It requires less maintenance in terms of temperature to provide a healthy and growing environment for plants. The company, Feit Electric, is a trustworthy brand with high standards. This tube light offers optimal performance and ensures safety as well.
Phlizon LED 1200W Indoor Plant Growing Light
This light does not come with a LED spotlight reflector, which is harmful to your plants due to the excess dissipation of heat. When a reflector reaches the temperature of 80°C, it can easily melt and catch fire. Therefore, there is no use of a reflector in this light. It is a beautiful LED light with complete safety.
If we compare this light with other MH or HPS lamps, then it produces less heat in low energy. It can help you save a lot of money on your electricity bills. The light spectrum of this light is more comprehensive. The light operates on 1200W, which can adequately cover a larger area than a reflector. It is suitable for a 3×3 feet area at the height of 24 inches. It is essential to install double cooling fans to extend their lifespan.
There is a Veg and Bloom button, which can be used to switch between blue and white LEDs. If you are seedling or doing vegetative growth, then you must use the Veg switch. On the other hand, use a Bloom switch for red and white LED for blooming or flowering plants. The Angle of the LEDs is at 90°and 120°. The light provides blue and red IR UV light and white LEDs, which are present in natural sunlight.
The UV and IR LEDs help in promoting defense mechanisms in plants, whereas blue and red LEDs for plant growth. The company offers a warranty for two years along with a 30-day money-back guarantee. You can also contact the customer service if you find the product unsatisfactory.
Spigo Pearl White Indoor LED Plant Growing Light
This is a white plant growing light by Spigo, which is perfect for herb, nettle, cactus, succulents, and delicate plants. It has a built-in light controller, which gives white light for 8 hours, fuchsia light for 8 hours, and automatically turns off for 8 hours.
You can also determine the amount of water left in the reservoir by the water gauge. People who love to grow plants in their indoor gardens will likely prefer this LED light.
CF Grow 5W LED Plant Grow Light
This is a fantastic plant growing light, consisting of five Bridgelux LEDs, one white LED of 2500K, two blue LEDs of wavelength 460nm, and two red LEDs of wavelength 660nm. It is designed with three bands style which helps in growing plants quickly. The light gives a fantastic boost to plants and makes them healthy.
It has a flexible, long, and adjustable arm that helps you bend and adjust the height of the light. Managing height depends on how much distance is required between specific plants and LED light. The shell of the lamp is made up of aluminum, which dissipates heat easily.
This long-life LED light consumes less power and generates low heat and efficiently illuminates your room. The desk light by CF Grow comes in a versatile design that offers more than a grow light. You can also use it in your offices and bedside for reading books.
Aceple 6W LED Small Desk Plant Grow Light
This is another desk plant growing light by Aceple, which operates on 6W. The lamp helps in increasing the rate of the growth of indoor plants. It helps in blooming, flowering, and fruiting your plants. There are three ways to adjust the clamp – Screw, Clip, or Stick. It is quite easy to install the lamp in your home office or indoor gardens.
The arm of the LED light is adjustable, and you can adjust the light in any direction. You need to plug in the light and switch it on or off. It works amazingly for tabletop plants. The LED light saves a lot of energy and generates low heat and red and blue lighting. It offers a wide spectrum of wavelengths.
The Gooseneck lamp arm’s size is 15.8 inches with a clamping range of 2 inches and a cord length of 59 inches. You can contact the customer support team if you find any problems with this lamp. There is a 30-day money-back guarantee along with a one-year warranty.
The Bottom Line
Start gardening at your home with one of these helpful plant-growing lights. You must provide enough heat and light to your plants so that they thrive. Make sure that you get the specific lamps that suit your type of plants.